Chapter

The Hindi Political Sphere

Francesca Orsini

in The Hindi Public Sphere 1920–1940

Published in print April 2009 | ISBN: 9780198062202
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198062202.003.0006
The Hindi Political Sphere

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In 1920, India witnessed the emergence of a new phase in the nationalist movement in which mass politics, counter symbols, popular participants, indigenous languages, and counter authority played an unprecedented role. This chapter examines the relationship between the Hindi literary sphere and the political sphere. Furthermore, it considers several angles, including ‘institutional’ spaces and activities, both in the context of constitutional domains and non-constitutional domains. Besides, it discusses who had access to political institutions and analyses the profiles of several Hindi political leaders in terms of political career, connections, cultural makeup, and social background. Moreover, the chapter looks at what happened when peasants turned from objects of nationalist discourse into subjects of political activity, a question that is relevant to the issue of openness and exclusion in the Hindi public sphere.

Keywords: Hindi; literary sphere; political sphere; constitutional domains; non-constitutional domains; political leaders; peasants; exclusion; public sphere; India

Chapter.  31501 words. 

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