This chapter moves from the self as naked, ‘natural’ individual to a notion of the female–male couple, that is, the androgynous self. It considers the transformation in Raj's attitude to women, discernible in the Jīban-carit, and in subsequently written texts. It argues that this transformation in Raj's attitude to women accompanies a parallel metamorphosis in his notion of the self. It portrays the ideas of Raj and other Bartaman-panthis, especially on gender, as arising from a varied historical matrix, including secular and religious, literary and oral traditions. However, individual Bartaman-panthis at times pushed inherited contents beyond previous limits in extolling not just divinized women, but ordinary unidealized ones at well.
Keywords: self; male-female couple; Raj Krishna; Jīban-carit; Bartaman-panthis; women; traditions
Chapter. 6986 words.
Subjects: Philosophy of Religion
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