India after Independence

Mithi Mukherjee

in India in the Shadows of Empire

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780198062509
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080151 | DOI:
India after Independence

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One of the curious things about Indian independence from the British Empire is that it has not been consecrated with the designation of revolution. This stands in stark contrast to all major events of national freedom in world history, either from colonialism or from native monarchies that have been characterized as revolutions. Behind the absence of the designation of revolution lies buried an aspect of India's emergence as an independent country that often goes unnoticed — it reveals the triumph of the British imperial narrative of its history in India. This chapter argues that the British imperial idea of justice embodied in the Indian National Congress and the Gandhian ethos of mass resistance as two competing and conflicting legacies have been the major driving forces determining the nature and evolution of the Indian polity after independence.

Keywords: Indian independence; British Empire; Indian National Congress; Indian polity

Chapter.  2920 words. 

Subjects: History of Law

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