In Defence of the Realm

Mushirul Hasan

in Between Modernity and Nationalism

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780198063322
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080502 | DOI:
In Defence of the Realm

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This chapter discusses Halide’s support for Mustafa Këmal’s military leadership in the war against foreign rule. Towards the end of September 1919, Halide worked as translator/interpreter for the Crane Commission, and acted as an intermediary between Mustafa Këmal and the Istanbul-based US Commissioner and first ambassador to Turkey (1920–6), Admiral Mark L. Bristol. She had worked the longest hours to draft her leader’s historic speech to the National Assembly on 23 April 1920, and conducted serious parleys over the setting up of a constitutional monarchy with a legislative assembly, a cabinet, an executive, and a regent, instead of a monarch, under the name of the President of the Assembly.

Keywords: Halide Edip; Mustafa Këmal; military leadership; Crane Commission; constitutional monarchy; Mark L. Bristol

Chapter.  4045 words.  Illustrated.

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