Chapter

The Idea of the East and West <i>Debate with Iqbal</i>

Mushirul Hasan

in Between Modernity and Nationalism

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780198063322
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080502 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198063322.003.0010
The Idea of the East and West Debate with Iqbal

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This chapter describes Halide’s lectures at Jamia where she talked of the failure of the intelligentsia to study the East and the West in any objective or comparative way. Halide contested the old theories of interpreting the ‘East’ and ‘West’ as separate, homogenized, and antagonized entities, and analysed a cluster of images and ideas together. While talking about the clash of the ‘eastern ideal’ and the ‘western ideal’ in Turkey and in India, where a belief in spiritual unity was the strongest, she focused on the future blending as a model solution for turning conflict into co-operation. The chapter also discusses poet-philosopher Iqbal’s rejection of Halide’s basic premise: that the East was spiritual and the West materialist, and neither in the East nor in the West had a proper synthesis between spirit and matter been affected. Halide could foresee the conflicts developing; her Jamia lectures offered a taste of the irreconcilable positions of the modernists and the religious-minded.

Keywords: Halide Edip; Jamia lectures; East and West; Iqbal

Chapter.  7766 words.  Illustrated.

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