Chapter

The Indus or Harappan Civilization

Dilip K. Chakrabarti

in India an Archaeological History

Second edition

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780198064121
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080519 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198064121.003.0005
The Indus or Harappan Civilization

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Harappa and Mohenjodaro are both located in the Indus valley and because no site of this civilization was then known to exist outside the Indus valley, the civilization came to be called ‘the Indus civilization’. However, the extent of this civilization includes areas far beyond the Indus river valley, and number-wise, the most significant cluster of sites occurs in the Cholistan section of the Hakra plain in Pakistan. This chapter discusses the origin, morphology of some major sites, and the general features of the Harappan civilization like seals and script, pottery, lithic industry, metallurgy, art and craft, trade, agriculture, economy, religion. The chronological framework, political and social framework, and decline and transformation of this civilization has also been analysed in detail.

Keywords: Indus civilization; Harappa; Mohenjodaro; Harappan civilization; seals; script; art and craft; trade; agriculture; religion

Chapter.  19929 words.  Illustrated.

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