Chapter

The Archaeological Foundations of Early Historic India

Dilip K. Chakrabarti

in India an Archaeological History

Second edition

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780198064121
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080519 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198064121.003.0007
The Archaeological Foundations of Early Historic India

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This chapter isolates the major components of early historic archaeology of the subcontinent. First, there is a general chronological correspondence between the archaeological context of the beginning of early history and the Buddhist literary evidence related to the sixteen great principalities from the north-west to the Deccan. Second, the fact that the northern black polished ware cannot be mechanically construed as an archaeological marker of early historic urbanism all over the subcontinent has been driven home by the probability of an urban growth going back to the sixth to fifth century bc in the Kaveri delta and its hinterland. Third, what may be considered somewhat disturbing is the uneven character of data on settlement contexts of different regions. Fourth, there are many similarities like urban planning, craft specialization, and growing importance of trade. There is also uniformity in material traits like pottery, art, coinage despite regional variation.

Keywords: principalities; urbanism; urban growth; northern black polished ware; craft specialization; trade; pottery; coinage

Chapter.  20245 words.  Illustrated.

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