Chapter

Islam in South Asia: From Orthodoxy to Fundamentalism

T. N. Madan

in Modern Myths, Locked Minds

Second edition

Published in print January 2010 | ISBN: 9780198065104
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080182 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065104.003.0004
Islam in South Asia: From Orthodoxy to Fundamentalism

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This chapter presents an argument about the character of Muslim fundamentalism in South Asia. The argument runs as follows: While a concern with orthodoxy and orthopraxis is only to be expected among the carriers of a religious tradition when they enter an alien socio-cultural environment and make converts, their anxiety about the loss of the pristine purity of belief and practice at a later stage of consolidation expresses itself in the form of efforts at reform and revival. This chapter also discusses the arrival of Islam in India and the opportunities and dilemmas it presented—religious authority versus secular power in medieval India, religious syncretism and revivalism, redemption by education, and Islamic fundamentalism in South Asia in the twentieth century.

Keywords: India; Islam; South Asia; fundamentalism; orthodoxy; religious authority; secular power; redemption by education; tradition versus modernity; religious syncretism and revivalism

Chapter.  17704 words. 

Subjects: Sociology of Religion

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