Chapter

Islam in South Asia: Quest for Pluralism

T. N. Madan

in Modern Myths, Locked Minds

Second edition

Published in print January 2010 | ISBN: 9780198065104
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080182 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065104.003.0005
Islam in South Asia: Quest for Pluralism

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The person who did most to link Islam with the Enlightenment in India was Sayyid Ahmad Khan, who attempted to overcome the hiatus between faith and reason without abandoning the fundamentals of Islam. In fact, no orthodox Muslim thinker has ever treated secularism as anything but an error. Notable among those of the next generation in India whom Sayyid Ahmad Khan influenced were Shaikh Muhammad Iqbal and Abul Kalam Azad. This chapter examines Islam in South Asia, focusing on Azad's arguments in support of the socio-political co-existence of, and indeed cooperation between, Muslims and non-Muslims (notably Hindus). It also explores his argument in support of cooperation and goodwill between the different religious communities of India. Azad's views on religious pluralism as the politics of national liberation, as a religious philosophy, and as cultural history are also considered.

Keywords: Islam; South Asia; religious pluralism; secularism; Sayyid Ahmad Khan; Abul Kalam Azad; Muslims; national liberation; goodwill; religious philosophy

Chapter.  10555 words. 

Subjects: Sociology of Religion

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