Chapter

The Hindu Religious Tradition: Revivalism and Fundamentalism

T. N. Madan

in Modern Myths, Locked Minds

Second edition

Published in print January 2010 | ISBN: 9780198065104
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080182 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065104.003.0007
The Hindu Religious Tradition: Revivalism and Fundamentalism

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Many early Victorian writers considered India to be at the threshold of a new way of life under the combined influence of the new administrative and mercantile dispensations and evangelical Christianity. However, the critics overlooked the vitality of the inner dynamism of Hinduism. The character of the mixed response of Bengali intellectuals to the cultural impact of the West is best illustrated by the creed and social concerns of the Brahmo Sabha, founded by Rammohun Roy, and its successor, the Brahmo Samaj. This chapter examines Hindu religious tradition, focusing on religious revivalism and fundamentalism. It then analyses the Arya Samaj, the ideology of Hindutva and the founding of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, and Mahatma Gandhi's Hinduism.

Keywords: Hinduism; India; fundamentalism; religious revivalism and tradition; Arya Samaj; Hindutva; Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh; Mahatma Gandhi; Rammohun Roy; Brahmo Sabha and Samaj

Chapter.  12643 words. 

Subjects: Sociology of Religion

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