Chapter

The Heritage

O. Chinnappa Reddy

in The Court and the Constitution of India

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780198066286
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081462 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198066286.003.0010
The Heritage

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After almost six decades under British colonial rule, India became a republic on 26 January 1950 with its Constitution and its own Supreme Court. Revolutionary forces spearheaded by the emerging Indian bourgeoisie, inspired no doubt by the ideals of liberty, equality, and justice, put an end to colonialism and feudalism under Britain. Today, the people of India rightfully and proudly claim that they are the largest parliamentary democracy in the world. Despite the culture of a common brotherhood and tolerance of all people there existed and still persists among the people of India a system of ‘gradation’ and ‘degradation’ dividing the large Hindu majority of Indian people into castes and outcastes. Notwithstanding the exploitative policies pursued by the British colonial rulers, credit must be given to them for the three great inheritances which they gave India: a faith in parliamentary democracy, a belief in an independent judiciary, and a sound well, organized bureaucratic machinery.

Keywords: India; Britain; colonialism; democracy; judiciary; castes

Chapter.  3427 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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