Chapter

Ladders to Climb and Bridges to Cross

O. Chinnappa Reddy

in The Court and the Constitution of India

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780198066286
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081462 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198066286.003.0020
Ladders to Climb and Bridges to Cross

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The Constitution aroused expectations, raised hopes, made promises, and generally heralded a new, better, and more decent life for the underprivileged and the oppressed people of India. Special provisions have been made, in particular, for the protection and advancement of the scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes in recognition of their existing low social and economic status and the consequent inability and failure on their part to avail themselves of any opportunity for self-advancement. The position of India's scheduled castes is comparable to that of the blacks of the United States. Despite the strong sentiments expressed by the judges of the Supreme Court, the colour prejudice appears to continue to persist in America. In India too, the prejudice against scheduled castes persists though one may now say that there is no longer any untouchability. This chapter discusses the First Amendment, the question of reservations, the so-called creamy layer, restriction on carry-forward rule, the ‘creamy layer’ of the forward castes, and admissions to professional colleges.

Keywords: India; Constitution; reservations; scheduled castes; scheduled tribes; backward classes; creamy layer; blacks; United States; prejudice

Chapter.  7241 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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