The Garden of Fruits and Flowers

O. Chinnappa Reddy

in The Court and the Constitution of India

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780198066286
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081462 | DOI:
The Garden of Fruits and Flowers

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The ‘Right to Life’ guaranteed by Article 21 of the Indian Constitution is the grandest and the most spacious of all the fundamental rights. The right has been progressively interpreted to comprehend all that makes life flourish, flower, and bear fruit. Clubbed together, as it is with the twin right to ‘personal liberty’, in the early days of the Constitution, right to life was overshadowed by its twin. The Supreme Court of India has gone a long way and pursued a path interpreting the right to life as expansively as it could to enable every citizen to live with honour and dignity. The right to life absorbs the Directive Principles of State Policy, and has since then been interpreted to include a whole variety of rights such as the right to livelihood, right to shelter, right to food and clothing, right to health, right to reputation, and right to privacy. This chapter also discusses habeas corpus and the Supreme Court's rulings on police torture and custodial violence.

Keywords: Article 21; India; Constitution; right to life; fundamental rights; habeas corpus; Supreme Court; police torture; custodial violence; Directive Principles of State Policy

Chapter.  3787 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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