Chapter

Choosing the Ruler

O. Chinnappa Reddy

in The Court and the Constitution of India

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780198066286
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081462 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198066286.003.0036
Choosing the Ruler

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The Constitution of India has provided for a near-successful scheme for holding free and fair elections, considered the very foundation of any successful political democracy. The Parliament, the government, and the judiciary all play a part in the elective process. Part XV of the Constitution is devoted to elections. The election process actually commences with the delimitation of the constituencies by a delimitation commission specially appointed for that purpose. However, the delimitation has finally to be made by the president which means the central government in consultation with the Election Commission of India. Thereafter, the usual and ordinary processes of election such as nomination, withdrawal of nomination, electioneering, actual exercise of franchise, counting of votes, declaration of results and taking of oath, etc., are duly followed. The election petition has ordinarily to be decided within six months from the date of presentation of the petition. Thereafter, there is an appeal to the high court and an appeal to the Supreme Court if special leave is granted.

Keywords: India; Supreme Court; Constitution; elections; political democracy; Parliament; delimitation; Election Commission; election petition; nomination

Chapter.  2713 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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