Chapter

Freedom of Information

Sudhir Naib

in The Right to Information Act 2005

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780198067474
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081226 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067474.003.0001
Freedom of Information

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This chapter summarizes the development, the growth, and the present trend in the freedom of information (FOI) movement and the general applicability of this doctrine within a global context. It begins by looking at the historical evolution of FOI, starting from the 1766 Swedish Freedom of the Press Act. It shows a notable increase in realising of the importance of information access, not only as a human right, but also as an important right for the promotion of good governance and the fight against corruption. The discussion shows that no less than 70 countries have implemented the Freedom of Information Act. The chapter also looks at the efforts of various international bodies for the implementation of FOI laws. A comparative study of FOI in five countries — India, United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and South Africa — is included.

Keywords: freedom of information; historical evolution; Swedish Freedom of the Press Act; information access; Freedom of Information Act; FOI laws

Chapter.  11142 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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