Chapter

Siddharth Gautama

Aakash Singh Rathore and Ajay Verma

in B.R. Ambedkar

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780198068679
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081233 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068679.003.0001
Siddharth Gautama

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This chapter focuses on Siddharth Gautama, the prince of Sakyas who was destined to become a Buddha. It discusses Gautama' birth, childhood, education and early training as a Bodhisatta, and Parivraja to fulfil the prophesy that was foretold before his birth. Siddharth possessed a knowledge and disposition which his family found bewildering and revolting at the same time. Whilst his family and clan resorted to violence, Gautama resorted to love and peace. This disposition forced him to exile. In his exile he became a Buddha from Bodhisatta by acquiring ten powers such as: Mudita (joy), Vimala (purity), Prabhakari (brightness), Arcishmati (intelligence of fire), Sudurjaya (difficult to conquer), Abhimukhi (knowledge of the evolution), Durangama (detachment from lust and desire), Acala (immovable), Sadhumati (good-minded), and Dharmamegha (infinite divinity). The chapter also discusses Buddha's predecessors and contemporaries including his dissention and conformation with their teachings, Vedic sage Kapila, Upanishads, and the Bramhanas.

Keywords: Siddharth Gautama; Sakyas; Buddha; birth; education; Bodhisatta; Parivraja; Buddha's predecessors; Buddha's contemporaries

Chapter.  29942 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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