Chapter

What the Buddha Taught

Aakash Singh Rathore and Ajay Verma

in B.R. Ambedkar

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780198068679
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081233 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068679.003.0003
What the Buddha Taught

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This chapter discusses the teachings of Buddha and his Dhamma. Whilst other religions claimed their position and divinity by presenting prophets who claimed niches for themselves, Buddha claimed no place for himself in his own Dhamma. Buddha did not promise salvation and said that he was a marga data (showing the way) wherein man was given freedom to sought salvation for himself. Of the most important teachings he imparted are the three classification of Dhamma: Dhamma, Adhamma, and Saddhamma. The first category reiterates the virtues of purity, perfection in life and Nibbanna including the concepts of impermanence and Karma. The second category pinpoints that belief in the supernatural, soul, sacrifices, and speculation is Adhamma. Saddhamma on the other hand asserts that a Dhamma only becomes a true Dhamma when: it teaches the importance of Pradnya and Sila; it teaches Karuna; it teaches Maitri; and when it teaches equality.

Keywords: teachings of Buddha; divinity; salvation; marga data; Dhamma; Adhamma; Saddhamma; karma; Nibbanna; equality

Chapter.  25716 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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