Chapter

Scientism and Romanticism

Dhruv Raina

in Images and Contexts

Published in print August 2010 | ISBN: 9780198068808
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080113 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068808.003.0002
Scientism and Romanticism

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In studies on the history of science and technology in India, the historiographic frames are structured by a host of factors, such as the nature of the interaction between traditional forms of knowledge and new knowledge. The politics of knowledge throws up issues relating to the interplay between local cultural embodiments and structures of imperialism. Scientific and technological knowledge are essential components of the historiography of modernity. This chapter examines four phases in the evolution of this discourse, highlighting the differences between these phases and the contradictions implicit within each of them. These four phases are: British and French Orientalist studies on the sciences of India; pre-independence nationalist studies; the phase of post-colonial reconstruction or the golden age of scientism; and the post-positivist phase. First, the chapter considers the link between science and nationalism and then discusses the golden age of scientism.

Keywords: history of science; historiography; scientism; nationalism; knowledge; Orientalist studies; nationalist studies; golden age of scientism

Chapter.  11877 words. 

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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