Agriculture in the Reforms Regime*

D. Narasimha Reddy and Srijit Mishra

in Agrarian Crisis in India

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780198069096
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080472 | DOI:
Agriculture in the Reforms Regime*

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This chapter examines the nature and factors contributing to the agrarian crisis and rural distress in India. It shows that the Indian economy remains predominantly rural, with urbanization taking place slowly, but that rural-urban disparities in income and living standards continue to widen. As the most important source of livelihood in the countryside, agriculture accounts for a disproportionately high share in the total workforce while its share in the gross national product continues to dwindle. The chapter also investigates the structural changes in employment across various sectors and within rural areas, the political economy of the technological transformation in agriculture, the nature of economic reforms and their impact on agriculture and farmers, and suicides brought about by the agrarian crisis. Finally, the chapter addresses the sustainability of farming in the context of reforms and considers ways in which to solve the agrarian crisis.

Keywords: India; agriculture; agrarian crisis; farmers' suicides; employment; sustainability; economic reforms; political economy; farmers; reforms

Chapter.  13534 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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