Farmers' Suicides and Unfolding Agrarian Crisis in Andhra Pradesh

S. Galab, E. Revathi and P. Prudhvikar Reddy

in Agrarian Crisis in India

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780198069096
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080472 | DOI:
Farmers' Suicides and Unfolding Agrarian Crisis in Andhra Pradesh

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This chapter presents an account of farmers' suicides in the state of Andhra Pradesh starting in 1996. Based on a survey of several studies, it shows that farmers' distress in the state can be attributed to the increasing fragility of resources, particularly the groundwater resources, as well as unsustainable and inappropriate cropping practices, notably in resource-poor areas. A number of factors were responsible for the agrarian crisis in Andhra Pradesh, including growing input costs, falling farm incomes, increasing dependence on unstable groundwater resources, and volatility of output prices. Another cause was heavy household investment in groundwater, with farmers borrowing from informal sources at high interest rates, causing them to pile up debts. This chapter also discusses the economic reforms in Andhra Pradesh in relation to agriculture, along with institutional retrogression and rural distress.

Keywords: Andhra Pradesh; farmers' suicides; farmers; agriculture; irrigation; cropping; agrarian crisis; debts; economic reforms; rural distress

Chapter.  10162 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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