Chapter

Agrarian Transition and Farmers' Distress in Karnataka

R.S. Deshpande

in Agrarian Crisis in India

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780198069096
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080472 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069096.003.0008
Agrarian Transition and Farmers' Distress in Karnataka

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Karnataka is a drought-prone region with a large proportion of wastelands, high outstanding agricultural credit from scheduled banks, and high density of marginal and small farmers. These conditions could trigger a serious agrarian crisis. In addition, Karnataka is dominated by rain-fed agriculture but has poor irrigation. Under these circumstances, the narrow techno-centred green revolution strategy gave rise to inappropriate cropping patterns in many parts of the state. Agricultural distress is acute in Karnataka's northern dry regions, while the incidence of suicides has been very high since 1997. Aside from indebtedness, farmers' distress in Karnataka can be attributed to lack of proper marketing facilities, increasing stress on natural resources, poor extension services, frequent failure of monsoon and droughts resulting in crop losses, and absence of institutions where farmers could seek counselling.

Keywords: Karnataka; agrarian crisis; agriculture; farmers; farmers' suicides; irrigation; droughts; indebtedness; extension services; green revolution

Chapter.  8456 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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