Chapter

The Wider Kinship Structure: Non-Agnatic Kin

T. N. Madan

in The Hindu Householder

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780198069409
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080038 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069409.003.0012
The Wider Kinship Structure: Non-Agnatic Kin

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This chapter focuses on non-agnatic kinship, which is an intrinsic part of the Pandit kinship system. Marriage brings together two agnatically unrelated chulahs (and families). The woman-giving and the woman-receiving families stand to each other in the mutual relationship of sonya. A ckulah also stands in the secondary position of howur (or variw) to the husband (or wife) of each of its female (or male) natal members. But the members of two households will generally not act in either capacity as sonya and as howur/variw if the woman who binds them in affinity dies without leaving behind any children. On the other hand, when a child is born of a union, the bond between the two families concerned acquires a new dimension. It is assimilated into kinship; the sonya-howur chulah acquires a new function as the matamal of the child.

Keywords: Pandit kinship system; non-agnatic kinship; matamal; sonya; howur/variw; chulah

Chapter.  4052 words. 

Subjects: Sociology of Religion

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