Chapter

Conclusion

A. Raghuramaraju

in Modernity in Indian Social Theory

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780198070122
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080014 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070122.003.0008
Conclusion

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Some social theorists in India, including Partha Chatterjee, Javeed Alam, and Gopal Guru, have failed to recognize the core project of modernity and its social consequences. Instead, they were preoccupied with the themes of modernity including reason or the ‘cunning of reason’, ‘individualism’ or ‘individuation’, nationalism, secularism, and universalism. This prevented them from recognizing the internal project of modernity. This also prevented others from seeing some important and unique issues including internal criticism that is evident in the writings of contemporary Indian thinkers like Swami Vivekananda, and prevented them from identifying a third kind of action in Mahatma Gandhi, namely, inaction. This book argues that, unlike the West, social theory in India was unable to grasp the philosophical foundations of modernity that lies in its method.

Keywords: India; social theory; West; modernity; nationalism; secularism; Partha Chatterjee; Javeed Alam; internal criticism; Gopal Guru

Chapter.  1585 words. 

Subjects: Social Theory

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