Chapter

Religion

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780198070610
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080755 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0022
Religion

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This chapter examines the religion of judges. Except for a relatively small under-representation of Muslims, the religious affiliations of the judges mirror the religious composition of the population at large to a remarkable degree. Religion has been a selection criterion and this extraordinary amount of proportional representation enhances India’s secular foundation. The convention of a Muslim seat dates back to the 1930s when the Federal Court began functioning. This convention carried over after Independence. Meanwhile, the majority of the judges (82.8 per cent) and the population (82.6 per cent) were Hindu.

Keywords: Muslims; religious affiliations; India’s secular foundation; Hindu; Muslim seat

Chapter.  512 words. 

Subjects: History of Law

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