Chapter

The Genesis

A.G. Noorani

in India–China Boundary Problem 1846–1947

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780198070689
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081202 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070689.003.0001
The Genesis

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This chapter traces the roots of the boundary dispute between India and China. Britain acquired in its boundary problem with China, when in 1846, it added to its sprawling Empire the State of Jammu & Kashmir, which it had created anew. When India became independent on 15 August 1947, it acquired a latent boundary dispute with China in the east — the McMahon Line. A western and more complex dimension was added on the accession of the State of Jammu & Kashmir to India on 26 October 1947. The crucial question is—to what boundaries was India entitled in law when it became independent on 15 August 1947 and China, likewise, was entitled on 1 October 1949 when the People's Republic of China was established?

Keywords: boundary disputes; India; McMahon Line; Britain; Jammu & Kashmir; Indian independence

Chapter.  7236 words.  Illustrated.

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