Chapter

15 August 1947

A.G. Noorani

in India–China Boundary Problem 1846–1947

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780198070689
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081202 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070689.003.0011
15 August 1947

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This chapter reviews the status of India's boundaries as of 15 August 1947. It also considers propositions, based on the history of boundary-making, that are of direct relevance to the policies pursued by India and China after 1947. It discusses the Ladakh–Tibet Treaty of 1842; the undefined Karakoram and the Kuen Lun boundary; the northern and eastern boundary of Kashmir that was not only undemarcated on the ground but also undefined by a formal treaty or even an informal understanding; and China's refusal to occupy an area that would create a buffer between India and expansionist Russia.

Keywords: India; Kashmir; Ladakh-Tibet Treaty; Karakoram; Kuen Lun; territory

Chapter.  2617 words.  Illustrated.

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