Chapter

The Gurmukh Panth

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780198070740
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080427 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0002
The Gurmukh Panth

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This chapter examines Guru Nanak’s compositions, Japu and Asa di Var, in which he comments on the political, social, and religious environment of his times and proclaims a set of interrelated ideas that constitute an ideology independent of the existing systems of religious belief and practice. The Japu, which relates primarily to theology, deals with three religious traditions that provide the frame of reference for contention and transcendence, as in the statement that the time of creation was not known to the pandits, the qāzīs, and the jogīs. The pandit represented India’s Brahmanical tradition in all its form, while the qāzī represented the Islamic tradition and the jogī represented the ascetical traditions. This chapter discusses Guru Nanak’s views on equality, caste, gender, and contemporary Islam.

Keywords: Guru Nanak; theology; Japu; Asa di Var; Brahmanical tradition; Brahmans; asceticism; pandits; qāzīs; jogīs

Chapter.  12481 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sikhism

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