Chapter

<i>Halemī Rāj—</i>A Parallel Dispensation

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780198070740
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080427 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0006
Halemī Rāj—A Parallel Dispensation

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Guru Arjan’s bānī is composed in thirty Rāgs and forms almost two-fifths of the Gurū Granth Sāhib. The best known composition is the Sukhmanī (Jewel of Bliss), which deals with the bliss that comes from the Name Divine and brings peace to the heart of every devotee. Considered as a comprehensive statement of Sikh philosophy, the Sukhmanī dwells on God, the Name, the Guru, the shabad, the hukam, and the nadar. It emphasizes the conception of God with and without attributes. Guru Arjan also highlights the Sukhmanī on sādh-sangat, the God-enlightened (Brahm-giānī), the liberated-in-life (jīvan-muktā), the sants, the Sikhs of the Guru, and supplication (ardās). Guru Arkan particularly focuses on two attributes of God: his power and his compassion. The institutions which served as instruments of spreading namdharam, sarovar, Harmandar, and Ramdaspur, are given great importance by Guru Arjan in his compositions. He also talks about the relationship between grace and hukam along with a new dispensation, halemi raj.

Keywords: Guru Arjan; bānī; Rāgs; Sukhmanī; halemi raj; sadh-sangat; ardas; sarovar; Harmandar; hukam

Chapter.  13628 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sikhism

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