Chapter

‘Frighten No One and Be Afraid of None’

J.S. Grewal

in History, Literature, and Identity

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780198070740
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080427 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.003.0008
‘Frighten No One and Be Afraid of None’

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Guru Tegh Bahadur was the first to compose shabads and shaloks in a critical situation, which differed from that of the preceding Gurus, after Guru Arjan compiled the Granth in 1604. In order to better appreciate his bānī, it must be viewed in the context of the politicization of the Sikh movement in confrontation with the state. He issued hukumnamas which provide valuable insights into the situation and clearly show him as a leader. Bhagtī in the shabads of Guru Tegh Bahadur include appropriation of nām and singing of God’s praises. Guru Tegh Bahadur uses a variety of terms to refer to the state of liberation, including pad-nirbānā, muktī, nirbhai pad, milan, gatī, achal-amar-nirbhai-pad, jīvan muktī, and sachch māhi samāya.

Keywords: Guru Tegh Bahadur; bānī; shabads; shaloks; hukumnamas; bhagtī; nām; God; liberation

Chapter.  9424 words. 

Subjects: Sikhism

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