Chapter

Structural Determinants of the US–India Entente

Harsh V. Pant

in THE US-INDIA NUCLEAR PACT

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780198073963
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080809 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198073963.003.0002
Structural Determinants of the US–India Entente

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The nuclear tests conducted by India in 1998 exacerbated what was already an uneasy relationship with the United States, which wanted to improve its relations with India but did not want to compromise on the goal of nuclear weapons non-proliferation. It took an initiative by President George W. Bush to realize the full potential of the US-India relations. The move was in part an attempt to stop China's rising influence in the Asia-Pacific, a multipolar region where politics and economics appear to be shifting at a dramatic pace. The Bush administration's initiation of civilian nuclear energy cooperation with India transformed the nature of the international relations between India and the United States. It was evident that the changing structure of regional and global balance of power has altered foreign policy in the two countries. By signing a nuclear pact, they hope to prevent China from dominating the Asia-Pacific.

Keywords: United States; India; international relations; nuclear weapons non-proliferation; nuclear pact; China; foreign policy; Asia-Pacific; nuclear energy cooperation

Chapter.  6553 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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