Chapter

The Nuclear Deal's Challenge to the Non-Proliferation Regime

Harsh V. Pant

in THE US-INDIA NUCLEAR PACT

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780198073963
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080809 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198073963.003.0007
The Nuclear Deal's Challenge to the Non-Proliferation Regime

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Negotiating the nuclear pact between India and the United States proved problematic because of the two competing imperatives of the latter's foreign policy: great power politics versus nuclear weapons non-proliferation. President George W. Bush's administration considered the agreement primarily as an instrument to develop a strategic alliance with India, but many members of Congress would support it only if it contributed to the objectives of non-proliferation. In India, political critics viewed the agreement as a ploy by the US to stifle India's nuclear options. Aside from nuclear technicalities, the US-India civilian nuclear energy cooperation agreement is also about the emergence of a new configuration in global balance of power. This chapter discusses the long-standing debate in the international relations literature about the effectiveness of international institutions in global politics, as well as the civilian nuclear energy pacts signed by India with other nations following that with the US.

Keywords: nuclear pact; nuclear weapons non-proliferation; nuclear energy cooperation; George W. Bush; foreign policy; power politics; international relations; international institutions

Chapter.  7756 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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