Chapter

Investment-led Growth Cycles

Soumya Datta

in Dimensions of Economic Theory and Policy

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780198073970
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081615 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198073970.003.0010
Investment-led Growth Cycles

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In recent years, a new consensus in macroeconomics, both at the levels of academic research and policy formulation, has emerged: ‘New Consensus in Macroeconomics (NCM)’, also known as ‘New Keynesian Consensus’ or ‘New Neoclassical Synthesis’. This framework is essentially similar to the original ‘Neoclassical Synthesis’, but the NCM models replace the LM-curve of the Neoclassical Synthesis with a Central Bank ‘interest rate reaction function’ often termed the ‘Taylor Rule’. This ‘interest rate reaction function’ targets either a particular level of inflation or a particular level of employment (or output or capacity utilization) or both. This chapter examines the effectiveness of a monetary policy rule that targets only the degree of capacity utilization. It looks at growth cycles around the steady state in a simple macro-dynamic model of interaction between investment function and a central bank ‘interest rate reaction function’ targeting the degree of capacity utilization.

Keywords: macroeconomics; New Consensus in Macroeconomics; interest rate reaction function; Taylor Rule; monetary policy; inflation; employment; capacity utilization; growth cycles; investment

Chapter.  5915 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Microeconomics

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