Chapter

Śābdabodha

Jonardon Ganeri

in Artha

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780198074137
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199082131 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074137.003.0004

Series: Foundations of Philosophy in India

Śābdabodha

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This chapter describes in detail the ‘linguistically derived thought-episode’ or Śābdabodha. Beliefs formed by direct assent are apt to be instances of testimonial knowledge. Arguments against the direct assent account have to claim that one never understands an utterance by directly assenting to it. Moreover, the notion of an ‘internalized grammar’, and the Nyāya analysis of meaning are elaborated. The Nyāya theory endorses the doctrine that hearers have tacit knowledge of a theory of meaning for the language they understand; the hearer's belief-forming dispositions are said to be grounded in the hearer's knowledge of word meanings. Furthermore, it explores the issue of reductionism. The account of conventions as mandates of the name-giver is plausible for terms which are introduced explicitly into an already existing linguistic practice.

Keywords: Śābdabodha; direct assent; Nyāya analysis; theory of meaning; Nyāya theory; reductionism

Chapter.  10723 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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