Chapter

Pravṛtti-nimitta

Jonardon Ganeri

in Artha

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780198074137
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199082131 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074137.003.0006

Series: Foundations of Philosophy in India

Pravṛtti-nimitta

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This chapter describes the ‘basis for usage’ (pravṛtti-nimitta). It also reports the Nyāya account of natural kind terms. It then addresses the link between the two-component theory of the meaning relation and Fregean and neo-Fregean accounts of meaning. In addition, it explores what recent interpreters have said about the nature of the Nyāya modes. The Nyāya theory depends on the notion of ‘analogical identification’, and is specifically of the acquisition of natural kinds terms. Discriminatory capacities are indexed by the properties whose instances they discriminate. It is noted that a Nyāya mode, or rather an ordered pair of an object and a mode, fulfils the criterion for being the sense of a term, at least for anyone who regards the notion of sense as a theoretical one not tied to specifically Fregean doctrines about it.

Keywords: pravṛtti-nimitta; meaning relation; Fregean doctrines; neo-Fregean accounts; Nyāya theory; Nyāya mode

Chapter.  13816 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy

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