Globalization, Climate Change, and Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic

Kamrul Hossain

in Globalization, International Law, and Human Rights

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780198074151
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080830 | DOI:
Globalization, Climate Change, and Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic

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This chapter focuses on the Arctic region, which suffers greatly from environmental changes due to global climate change. Environmental preservation in the Arctic has a significant link to certain socio-cultural rights associated with its indigenous peoples. These rights are fundamental to the survival of the indigenous communities of the Arctic. It shows how the indigenous peoples of the Arctic are affected by globalization from the viewpoint of both internal (environmental change) and external (free-trade regime) factors. It shows how indigenous peoples’ fundamental human rights are guaranteed by international law, particularly by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. It then examines whether globalization resulting from the free-trade regime contradicts the human rights guaranteed to the indigenous peoples in the Arctic, especially their right to culture, which is the core of their identity.

Keywords: Arctic region; rights of indigenous people; global climate change; environmental preservation; socio-cultural rights; human rights; international law; International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; free trade

Chapter.  12227 words. 

Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration

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