Chapter

Large-scale Industry

Tirthankar Roy

in The Economic History of India, 1857-1947

Third edition

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780198074175
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199082148 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074175.003.0007
Large-scale Industry

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In the nineteenth century, India saw the emergence of large factories, machinery, and government regulation of industrial work—three features that define a large-scale industry. The industrialization that began in colonial India catalysed the formation of ‘industrial districts’, and the new generation of manufacturing industries and highly skilled services were concentrated in the cities. This chapter first provides a statistical overview of India's large-scale industry before turning to the stages of growth of the industry. It also examines major industries, labour, capital, technology, entrepreneurship, management, and the princely states. The chapter concludes by considering general issues about the growth and significance of the large-scale industry.

Keywords: India; large-scale industry; factories; government regulation; industrialization; industrial districts; manufacturing; labour; capital; entrepreneurship

Chapter.  17219 words. 

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