Chapter

Infrastructure

Tirthankar Roy

in The Economic History of India, 1857-1947

Third edition

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780198074175
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199082148 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074175.003.0009
Infrastructure

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The British left behind a modern infrastructure as the most tangible legacy of its colonial rule in South Asia. This legacy included ports, railways, canal irrigation, sanitation and medical care, the telegraph, universities, the courts of law, information-gathering systems, a postal system, and scientific research laboratories. In nineteenth-century India, the state focused its productive investment mainly on irrigation, railways, roads, and the telegraph. This chapter focuses on the major fields of infrastructure growth in India, beginning with a brief consideration of the general motivation behind these efforts. Government spending on infrastructure was uneven, in part due to the limited financial capacity of the state.

Keywords: India; infrastructure; irrigation; telegraph; medical care; postal system; government spending; universities; roads; railways

Chapter.  9568 words.  Illustrated.

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