Political Topography

Nikita Sud

in Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and the State

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780198076933
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080908 | DOI:
Political Topography

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Politics anchors this biography of an Indian region. This chapter charts Gujarat's political topography, beginning with the decades preceding independence. It suggests that current patterns of politics have antecedents in the nationalist and early post-independence era. Then it interrogates the apparently unshakeable Congress organization of the mid-twentieth century, pointing to the fissures that were visible then and are more so in hindsight. The rise of a political and economic right-wing opposition is discussed, as is the context in which its agendas have coalesced to successfully challenge the broadening of democratic politics. Finally, the ascent of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party is explored and a case made for the tenuous stability of its current position. This survey of Gujarat's intriguing and turbulent political sphere is a contextual setting for the projects of market-led development and challenged secular modernization that are discussed in the following chapters.

Keywords: Politics; democracy; nationalist movement; Congress; Bharatiya Janata Party; right-wing opposition

Chapter.  11189 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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