Chapter

From Development to Liberalization

Nikita Sud

in Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and the State

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780198076933
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080908 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076933.003.0003
From Development to Liberalization

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This chapter traces the evolving development strategy of Gujarat, beginning with the period of state-led modernization of industry, agriculture and infrastructure. Poverty policy is then discussed. Since it was first articulated when the redistribution of land was no longer considered a viable solution to poverty, the rather palliative nature of a series of poverty alleviation programmes is explored. Finally, the chapter turns to the era of liberalization, outlining the broad policy rubric and then focusing on elements that have been central to Gujarat's liberalization drive. These include the incentivization of private investment, tax reduction, the promotion of privatized infrastructure provision, and the continued role of the state as the chief marketer of Brand Gujarat. These points are a prelude to the next set of chapters which explore the move from developmentalism to liberalization for one field—land—in depth.

Keywords: Development policy; modernization; agriculture; industry; cooperatives; privatization; infrastructure; economic incentives; poverty

Chapter.  11298 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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