The State in a Liberalizing Landscape*

Nikita Sud

in Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and the State

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780198076933
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080908 | DOI:
The State in a Liberalizing Landscape*

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This chapter builds a picture of the state in a liberalizing landscape based on empirical evidence. It outlines the role of the state in Kachchh during a transfer of 30 square kilometres of forest and coastal land to a cement manufacturing and exporting operation. Karkhana Limited’s experience does not evince a state in withdrawal. Nor do we witness a regulatory state watching a changing economy from the legal and coercive sidelines. Instead, the case study reinforces heterodox perspectives that place the state at the centre of India’s new economy as a close ally of big capital. Taking these views forward, the author suggests that the state’s role in this alliance is that of a normative legitimator of liberalization, a buffer in the contentious politics of land, and an institutional promoter of and manoeuvrer through the new land regime. A multifaceted state is indispensable to India's liberalizing landscape.

Keywords: Land liberalization; mega factory; export; Kachchh; capital; multifaceted state

Chapter.  7347 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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