Reform, Revival and the Call for Hindu Rashtra

Nikita Sud

in Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and the State

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780198076933
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080908 | DOI:
Reform, Revival and the Call for Hindu Rashtra

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This chapter explores Gujarat’s nineteenth-century path to Hindu communalism and the shaping of the Hindu nationalist project in the twentieth century. It begins with initiatives for social reform that questioned and sought to change social and religious practices along western liberal and rational lines. It then moves to a more revivalist trend based on an original imagined community that had been sullied by invasions from the West and the East. Next comes the ideological and organizational apparatus of Hindu nationalism that has harnessed history and politics to generate an enduring movement, though not one without ups and downs. The latter undulations are traced against the politics of twentieth-century Gujarat. Events on the national stage form a backdrop to the narrative.

Keywords: Social reform; revivalism; Hindu nationalism; communalism; twentieth-century politics; imagined community

Chapter.  13729 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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