Chapter

Secularism, Hindu Nationalism and Gujarat’s State*

Nikita Sud

in Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and the State

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780198076933
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080908 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076933.003.0007
Secularism, Hindu Nationalism and Gujarat’s State*

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Secularism has been a defining norm of the modern, liberal Indian state. The constitutionally secular state of Gujarat is believed to have undergone a paradigmatic shift in 2002, when it supported a massacre of Muslim citizens. This chapter investigates the empirical as well as the normative state in situations of inter-religious violence. It traces the journey of the secular norm over the post-independence period in the context of contests over identity, political ideology and socio-political dominance. The picture that emerges is much more nuanced than that projected by stark pronouncements of paradigm shifts and the inauguration of a Hindu rashtra.

Keywords: Secularism; inter-religious violence; Hindu rashtra; state; Muslims

Chapter.  14923 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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