Economic Organisation and Social Class

André Béteille

in Caste, Class and Power

Third edition

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780198077435
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081080 | DOI:

Series: Oxford India Perennials Series

Economic Organisation and Social Class

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  • Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility


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This chapter explains the organization of production in Sripuram. It investigates the relations which are entered into by the members of the village, among themselves and with outsiders, for the purpose of production. Some brief observations are then reported on the mechanisms of distribution and exchange. Most of the cultivable land in the village is irrigated and used for cultivating paddy. Additionally, most of the land continues to be held by the old landowning class. It is noted that ownership of land is vested in people with different social backgrounds and that landowners do not constitute a homogeneous class. Land has come into the market; the old landowners are now scattered; new laws have been passed which seek to reorganise agrarian relations. Village handicrafts have undergone a process of disintegration. The village has become, in a multitude of ways, part of a much wider economic system.

Keywords: cultivable land; paddy; economic organization; social class; landowners; agrarian relations; village handicrafts

Chapter.  15075 words. 

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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