Chapter

Cultures in Conflict

Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha

in This Fissured Land

Second edition

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780198077442
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199082155 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077442.003.0008

Series: Oxford India Perennials Series

Cultures in Conflict

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This chapter addresses the lessons that can be drawn from the two processes of eco-cultural change most extensively studied by historians—the European ‘miracle’ of successful industrialization and the imposition of Neo-Europes in the ‘New World’. While the British ruled India, they discouraged Indians from taking up resource-processing and transport on the basis of modern technology, and with access to fossil fuel and other modern energy sources. The on-going struggle between the peasant and industrial modes of resource use in India has come in two stages: colonial and postcolonial. The debate around the forest in India, and the environment debate more generally, are firmly rooted in questions of production and use. It is early to say whether these debates will lead in a new mode of resource use and a new belief system to hold the society together.

Keywords: eco-cultural change; industrialization; New World; resource use; forest; fossil fuel; modern energy sources; environment debate

Chapter.  2297 words. 

Subjects: Sociology

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