Chapter

Agriculture, Ecology and Politics

C. A. Bayly

in Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars

Third edition

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780198077466
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081110 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077466.003.0015

Series: Oxford India Perennials Series

Agriculture, Ecology and Politics

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Agricultural and commercial decline in one area was often matched by expansion of cultivation and trade in another. This chapter identifies the areas of growth and decline in agriculture and commerce by reference not only to political circumstances but also to ecology and climate. It explains that some naturally well-endowed territories were able to come through the worst political troubles in a state of high cultivation and relative prosperity, but in some areas human endeavour or conflict could do little to alter their performance within the existing limits of technology. It cites strong evidence for economic growth and social change in the more stable core areas of the successor states. Under the disturbed surface of the politics was forming a new pattern of stability. Agricultural production, trade and revenue provided the framework on which new empires could be reared.

Keywords: agriculture; ecology; commerce; political troubles; prosperity; successor states; economic growth; trade; revenue

Chapter.  15916 words.  Illustrated.

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