Chapter

Child Labour in Rural India

Uma S. Kambhampati

in Growth, Development, and Diversity

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780198077992
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081608 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077992.003.0005
Child Labour in Rural India

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This chapter analyses the incidence of child labour in India, a significant indicator of underdevelopment. It breaks new ground in analysing the impact of liberalization on the incidence of child labour, by taking into account the growth-induced demand for child labour. Analysis of the data on child labour produced by the NSS for the years 1993–4 and 2004–5 suggests that whilst increased incomes of parents has reduced the incidence of child labour in most states of India, though not in all of them, growth-induced demand may have increased the incidence of child labour. The main message of the chapter is that policies designed to reduce child labour should take into consideration the demand-side impact on child labour and should not be lulled into complacency in the knowledge that growth of incomes will reduce the supply of children to the labour market.

Keywords: child labour; rural sector; underdevelopment; growth; labour market; employment

Chapter.  9947 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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