The History of the Ẓafar-nāmah of Guru Gobind Singh

Louis E. Fenech

in Punjab Reconsidered

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780198078012
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199080984 | DOI:
The History of the Ẓafar-nāmah of Guru Gobind Singh

Show Summary Details


This chapter focusses upon one of the most intriguing documents attributed to the tenth Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh, the Zafar-namah or Epistle of Victory. Written, apparently, as a response to the Emperor Aurangzeb’s treachery in early 1705 the Zafar-namah is one of the few Sikh texts prepared in Persian and included within the controversial Sikh canon, the Dasam Granth. The preparation of this text and its inclusion within Sikh scripture allows us to more fully understand the Islamicate background of the Sikh tradition.

Keywords: Guru Gobind Singh; Aurangzeb; Zafar-namah; Persian; Dasam Granth; Sikh scripture; Islamicate

Chapter.  10870 words. 

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.