Chapter

Integration, Social Dynamics, and Strategic Vulnerability

Gurudas Das

in Security and Development in India's Northeast

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780198079781
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199081738 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079781.003.0002
Integration, Social Dynamics, and Strategic Vulnerability

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The chapter focuses on the political dynamics that emerged out of the efforts of the Indian state to integrate the tribal communities inhabiting the northeastern fringe, and the efforts of the ethnic Assamese elites to convert Assam as the nation-province of the Assamese. It explains how the conflict between these two approaches—integration approach of the Indian state and making-Assam-a-nation-province-of-the-Assamese approach of the ethnic Assamese elites—had ultimately led to the dismemberment of Assam, which might be viewed as India’s response towards internal adjustment to counter external security threats. It also narrates the dynamics of the emergence of Naga insurgency in the Naga Hills, considered to be the mother of all insurgent movements developed in the region subsequently that have eventually led to the emergence of state fragility syndrome in the NER.

Keywords: integration; assimilation; insurgency; NER; security; homogenization; relative deprivation; Naga movement; Mizo movement; tribal movement

Chapter.  10040 words. 

Subjects: Indian Politics

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