Chapter

The Institutions of Democracy

André Béteille

in Democracy and Its Institutions

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780198080961
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199082049 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.003.0001
The Institutions of Democracy

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This chapter examines the ideals of democracy and the actual operation of its institutions in India, focusing on those political institutions that began to emerge from the middle of the nineteenth century onwards. The institutions of civil society are of particular importance to the operation of democracy. The weakness of the institutions of civil society explains in part why democracy in India is weak. This chapter looks at Parliament and the state legislatures, the Supreme Court and high courts, and political parties, as well as the maladies by which the basic institutions of democracy are beset in India today. Finally, the chapter describes the tension between the two irreducible principles of democracy: the rule of numbers and the rule of law.

Keywords: India; political institutions; democracy; civil society; Parliament; state legislatures; Supreme Court; high courts; rule of numbers; rule of law

Chapter.  8971 words. 

Subjects: Social Movements and Social Change

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