Chapter

Government and Opposition

André Béteille

in Democracy and Its Institutions

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780198080961
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199082049 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.003.0002
Government and Opposition

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The success of democracy rests in large part on both the opposition and the government. In order for democracy to operate successfully, the opposition must be recognized as legitimate and given an institutional form. The emergence of the political party as an institution has played a critical role in shaping the relationship between government and opposition as a distinctive feature of democratic political systems. This chapter discusses the contribution of the party system to the development of a symbiotic relationship between government and opposition, focusing on the case of Britain. It examines the role of the opposition, and the relationship between government and opposition, both within and outside Parliament, in India. It also considers ‘partyless democracy’ in India along with factions and factional politics, party politics, and the importance of trust between government and opposition in strengthening the foundations of democracy.

Keywords: democracy; opposition; government; political party; party system; Britain; Parliament; politics; trust; factions

Chapter.  8221 words. 

Subjects: Social Movements and Social Change

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